Oakwood Womens Centre

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids can cause menstrual problems and pain

Many women visit our Round Rock obgyns seeking treatment for uterine fibroids, which are typically noncancerous growths that consist of smooth muscle tissue. These growths occur in or around the uterus and vary in size and shape. Uterine fibroids usually occur in women between the ages of thirty and forty, but women in other age groups can also develop fibroids. African American women tend to develop more fibroids at a younger age than other women.

Uterine fibroids cause a variety of symptoms

Many women will develop uterine fibroids before age 50; however, most of them will be unaware of the growths because they will not experience symptoms. For other women, fibroids are symptomatic, causing pain and discomfort. There are multiple symptoms of uterine fibroids.

  • Abdominal or lower back pain that can be dull, sharp, heavy or aching
  • Pain that occurs during intercourse
  • Menstrual problems, including heavier, more frequent or longer-lasting periods
  • Increased pain during menstruation
  • Spotting between periods
  • Urinary issues, including pain during urination or increased frequency
  • Reproductive problems, including infertility or miscarriages
  • Anemia

Uterine fibroids can cause complications that require immediate medical attention from our Round Rock obgyns. For example, if a woman experiences severe pain, nausea or fever, she may be suffering from a fibroid that has attached itself to the uterus by a stem and has twisted. When these pedunculated, or stemmed, uterine fibroids twist, they cut off the blood supply, causing severe pain.

Our Round Rock obgyns perform a variety of tests to diagnose uterine fibroids

Often, when our Round Rock obgyns perform pelvic examinations, they will notice uterine fibroids. In other cases, women describe their symptoms and our physicians begin the diagnostic process by performing tests to determine if uterine fibroids are present.

  • Ultrasonography. One in-office procedure is a pelvic ultrasound. The ultrasound gives our physicians an image of the uterus and the surrounding pelvic organs.
  • Laparoscopy. A type of minimally invasive surgery, a laparoscopy allows our obgyns to directly view the inside of the abdominal cavity for uterine fibroids.
  • Sonohysterography. For this test, saline solution is injected into the uterus under ultrasound guidance to provide a better image of the uterine cavity.
  • Hysterosalpingography. This special x-ray examination helps medical personnel detect changes in the shape or size of the uterus as well as issues in the fallopian tubes.
  • Hysteroscopy. This diagnostic test is performed vaginally using a slender instrument called a hysteroscope. This test allows our Round Rock obgyns to directly view the uterine cavity through a small camera.

Treatment ranges from medication to surgery

Treatment for uterine fibroids varies, depending on the location and size of the growths and the severity of symptoms. Medication is beneficial for some women, while other women may require surgical intervention to alleviate symptoms. Surgical options include a myomectomy or a hysterectomy.

Women who are suffering from symptoms that may be caused by uterine fibroids should contact us for an appointment. Our Round Rock obgyns can help women find relief from the pain and discomfort of fibroids.