Take control of your sexual health!
Approximately 20 million Americans are infected with a sexually transmitted infections, or STI each year, and half of those are ages 15-24. Texas was rated 3rd in the U.S. for new HIV diagnoses in 2013, and research shows that more than half of sexually active high school students did not use a condom.
Our Round Rock ObGyns remind patients to get the facts. Get tested. Get treated.
What you should know about the most common STIs
Gonorrhea and chlamydia
At least 50% of women infected with gonorrhea experience no symptoms, while 90% of men and up to 80% of women with chlamydia have no symptoms. Symptoms in men and women may include abnormal discharge and a burning sensation when urinating.
Untreated syphilis can cause grave health risks; in a pregnant woman, syphilis may lead to serious birth defects. Symptoms at the early stage include firm, round, painless sores. Next, a skin rash may appear and/or sores in the mouth, vagina or anus.
Genital herpes are caused by herpes simplex type 1 and herpes simplex type 2. During a herpes outbreak, the genital sores can bleed easily, increasing the risk of giving or getting HIV. Symptoms include one or more blisters on or near the genitals, rectum or mouth. Almost 87% of people are asymptomatic.
Avoid the long-term consequences of STIs
Because condom use does not eliminate the risk for herpes transmission, and some STIs don’t cause obvious symptoms, it’s important to get tested and to establish an ongoing relationship with an obgyn specializing in women’s health and preventive medicine.
Gonorrhea, chlamydia and syphilis can be treated with antibiotics. There’s no cure for herpes; however, there are medications that can prevent or shorten outbreaks.
The CDC recommends the following screening guidelines:
- Gonorrhea and chlamydia – yearly for women under 25, and as needed in older women at risk, such as those who have a new partner or more than one sexual partner
- Syphilis – pregnant women and women at increased risk for infection
- Herpes – testing if symptoms are present
- HIV – sexually active individuals should have testing
- Hepatitis C – as needed for women at risk, including those having had blood transfusions and women born between 1945 and 1965.
For more information about prevention, testing and treatment, contact our Round Rock Obgyns.