Our compassionate Round Rock OBGYNs have the expertise to diagnose and treat patients with endometriosis
Endometriosis is a condition that affects about 1 in 10 women and is usually diagnosed in a woman’s 30s and 40s. This condition occurs when the endometrium, or uterine lining, grows outside the uterus. Tissue growths, or implants, occur in the pelvic cavity, the fallopian tubes or ovaries or even on the outer surfaces of the bladder, rectum or uterus. Our Round Rock OBGYNs want women to know more about this condition and how it can affect their health.
Endometriosis—causes and symptoms
Some women have endometriosis but are unaware of it because they don’t experience any symptoms. For others, the condition produces serious symptoms that affect their quality of life. Symptoms are caused by the endometrial implants’ response to estrogen.
Estrogen causes the growths to grow and bleed during the menstrual cycle, which can lead to inflamed, irritated and swollen tissue in the surrounding areas. Endometriosis can also cause adhesions, or scar tissue, to form.
One of the most common symptoms our patients report to our Round Rock OBGYNs is pain in the lower abdominal or pelvic area. Pain often is worse before and during menstruation. Symptoms vary from patient to patient.
- Pain may include painful menstrual cramps; chronic pelvic and lower back pain; painful sexual intercourse; pain during urination or bowel movements; or even intestinal pain.
- Some women experience heavy bleeding during menstruation or spotting between periods.
- Digestive problems may include bloating, nausea, constipation or diarrhea. This is more common during the menstrual period.
- Approximately 40% of women who have infertility issues are diagnosed with endometriosis.
Who is at risk for endometriosis?
There is no definitive predictor for endometriosis, but research has shown that there are certain factors that make a woman more likely to have the condition.
- Never having a child
- Short menstrual cycles that last fewer than 28 days, or periods that go on for more than 7 days
- Having a mother, sister or aunt with the condition
- Health conditions or physical issues that impede the normal menstrual blood flow
Laparoscopic surgery is the only proven method for diagnosing and treating endometriosis
When a woman comes to our Round Rock OBGYNs wondering why she is having trouble getting pregnant, we may discuss the possibility for having endometriosis. If a patient does have symptoms, our physicians begin by discussing the problems, usually followed by a pelvic examination. We also employ ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technology to help us locate any endometrial growths, or implants, but surgery is necessary to confirm the presence of endometriosis.
Our Round Rock OBGYNs will help you make the decision to have a laparoscopic procedure, which is a surgical procedure that provides a better view of the pelvic area. Our physicians will take a tissue sample to biopsy during the procedure and will remove implants during this minimally invasive procedure to treat endometriosis.
Endometriosis symptoms may be managed with medications such as pain relievers, anti-inflammatories or hormonal medications. Surgical treatment may be required for more severe cases or when women wish to become pregnant and are experiencing infertility.
Our Round Rock OBGYNs can help patients cope with endometriosis. Contact us today.